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Denmark : Denmark unveils plan to build the worldâ€™s first offshore wind â€œenergy islandsâ€, ushering in a new era for offshore wind energy in Europe
Publish Date : 22-May-2020
Earlier today, the Danish government published its first climate plan, thus taking a step towards the nationâ€™s goal of achieving climate neutrality by 2050. A key component of the plan is to build two energy islands, with a minimum capacity of 4GW. They will be capable of powering four million Danish homes or 7 million electric vehicles with renewable electricity.
The energy islands will be placed in the North Sea and by the Danish Island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea. The Danish Government intends to start a dialogue with the Netherlands and Poland in order to connect the two offshore wind hubs to those countries as well.
â€œThe climate crisis compels us to ramp up renewable energy production drastically and that requires new ways of thinking. The plan to establish two energy islands, signals a paradigm shift in the approach to offshore wind power â€“ not only for Denmark, but for our neighboring countries as well,â€ says the Danish Minister for Climate, Energy and Utilities, Dan JÃ¸rgensen.
Traditionally, offshore wind farms have been built as individual non-connected entities. An energy island serves as a hub for electricity generation for the surrounding wind farms, by collecting and distributing the electricity between countries connected by an electricity grid.
A number of European countries are currently trading electricity though the day-ahead and intraday markets. The construction of energy islands will help Denmark lower global emissions, by increasing export of renewable electricity to Sweden, Norway, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Germany and Poland.
â€œThis is not just about Denmark. It is about connecting Europeâ€™s energy systems in order to speed up the green transition. The potential is truly dizzying. The energy island in the North Sea alone will have the ability to host wind farms with a capacity of 10 GW. By comparison, the current Danish offshore wind capacity is 1.7 GW,â€ says the Danish Minister for Climate, Energy and Utilities, Dan JÃ¸rgensen.